Version 5.4.4

Released on 2023-10-13.


If you are upgrading a cluster, you must be running CrateDB 4.0.2 or higher before you upgrade to 5.4.4.

We recommend that you upgrade to the latest 5.3 release before moving to 5.4.4.

A rolling upgrade from 5.3.x to 5.4.4 is supported. Before upgrading, you should back up your data.


Tables that were created before CrateDB 4.x will not function with 5.x and must be recreated before moving to 5.x.x.

You can recreate tables using COPY TO and COPY FROM or by inserting the data into a new table.

Table of Contents

See the Version 5.4.0 release notes for a full list of changes in the 5.4 series.


  • Fixed an issue that led to file not found errors when trying to restore a snapshot that was taken after a table had been swapped. A new snapshot must be taken to apply the fix and solve the issue.

  • Fixed an issue that caused nested accesses to ignored objects with unknown object keys from returning non nulls. e.g.:

    SELECT o['a']['unknown'] FROM t;

    returning the value for o['a'] instead of a null.

  • Fixed an issue that caused the output object column of UNION on object columns to contain only the sub-columns of the object column from the right hand side. With this fix, the output object column will contain the merged sub-columns of the respective objects of both relations.

  • Fixed an issue that caused IS NULL predicate to be ineffective on sub-columns of ignored object types.

  • Fixed a regression introduced with CrateDB 5.3.1 which caused a NullPointerException when creating a repository on S3 with authentication provided by IAM role attached to the EC2 instance running the CrateDB node.

  • Fixed an issue which led to skipping duplicate column check, in CREATE TABLE statements, if duplicate columns have the same type.

  • Fixed an issue with missing validation on INSERT statement, allowing to specify duplicate target columns.

  • Fixed an issue that caused UPDATE statements, invoked immediately after a DELETE statement, which empties a table, to show an error.

  • Fixed an issue that caused CASE expressions to throw UnsupportedFeatureException when null values are returned for one or more conditions. e.g.:

    SELECT CASE col1
      WHEN 'value1' THEN 1
      WHEN 'value2' THEN NULL
      WHEN 'value3' THEN 3
    FROM (SELECT 'value1' AS col1) a;
  • Fixed an issue that caused column policy of object types created by CREATE TABLE AS to be overridden to strict.

  • Fixed an issue that caused RETURNING clause, referring to non-deterministic GENERATED or DEFAULT columns, return a value, not equal to the actually persisted one.

  • Fixed an issue that caused storing inconsistent values on primary and replica for GENERATED or DEFAULT columns, using non-deterministic functions, returning different values even within the scope of a single query. e.g.:: gen_random_text_uuid and random. Functions like NOW or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP are unaffected by this issue.

  • Fixed an issue that caused privileges checks to be bypassed when using scalar sub-selects in various clauses of a query: SELECT, WHERE, HAVING, etc.

  • Fixed an issue that caused any operators such as != any, not like any or range operators like < any to throw NullPointerExceptions or return invalid results when the left hand side argument is a column and the right hand side argument array contains at least one null.

  • Fixed an issue that caused (I)LIKE ANY operators to fail with an exception when comparing non-string expressions.

  • Fixed an issue that caused IS NULL operators to raise an error if the column had the column store disabled.